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Category Hums Tamil
 
Title Treatments for diarrhoea, dermatitis and digestive disorders
 
Details Keeping animals healthy: insights from Palakkadu region, Kerala 25212 Enteritis Take a handful of Indian laburnum leaves (Cassia fistula L.) and betel leaves in 1 litre of water. Boil until the liquid has reduced to 1/3rd. About 50-100 ml juice must be fed twice daily so that the animal is cured from enteritis. The plant is reported for its anti-diarrhoeal activity (Panda S K., Patra, N, Sahoo, G., Bastia, A K., Dutta, S K. 2012. Int. J. Med. Arom. Plants, vol 2, No. 1, Pp. 123-134). 25213 Digestive disorders Feed the animal with papaya fruit (Carica papaya L.) to relieve it of its ailment. The use of papaya for treatment of indigestion is reported (Patil, S., Shetty, S., Bhide R. and Narayanan S. 2013. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Vol.1 (5), 57-60.) Reduce by boiling 200 g pongamia (Millettia pinnata (L.) Panigrahi) in one litre of water to 500 ml. Later, mix it with the juice of two lemons and 5 g of baking soda. Feed it at an interval of six hours. The ingredient Pongamia was reported for its treatment of tympanic condition in animals (Wath M, Jambu S. and Ramjan, V. 2014. Biolifesearch. 2: 2 538-542). Mix 50-100 ml each of groundnut oil and turpentine oil. Shake well before giving it to the animal to drink at an interval of two to four hours. Farmers use vegetable oil as antifoaming agents for treatment of bloat. The use of groundnut oil for prevention of bloat was reported (Campbell, Q.P. 1959. Farming S. Africa. 35: 29) Mash 200 g onion along with 100 g each of ajwain (Trachyspermum ammi Sprague) and the aerial prop roots of Banyan tree (Ficus benghalensis) so that it can be fed to the animal. The use of Banyan tree in treatment of indigestion in animals is well known (Bhatt A, Singh P, Kumar V and Baunthiyal M, 2013. J. Environ. Nanotechnol., Volume 2 :22-29.) 25214 Diarrhoea Grind cherula (Aerva lanata (L.) Juss. ex Schult.) in rice wash and administer 2 to 3 times daily. The plant was evaluated for its anthelmintic properties that may help in the control of diarrhoea. (Rajesh R, Chitra K, Padmaa M. Paarakh, 2010. 2 (4): 269) Crush a handful of pomegranate leaves (Punica malus L.) and Jambolan barks (Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels.) in coconut water. The animal has to be fed this thrice daily so as to stop loose motions. Both pomegranate and Jambolan were reported as anti-diarrhoeal (Nainwani R, Singh D, Soni P K, Gupta A, Gautam R. 2013. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Development Vol.1 (2) March –April: 48-53. Swami S B, Thakor N S J, Patil M M, Haldankar M P. 2012. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 3, 1100-1117 http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/fns.2012.38146 Published Online August 2012 (http://www.SciRP.org/journal/fns) Crush 50-100 g curry leaves (Murraya koenigii) and administer two to three times daily. The plant was studied for its anti-diarrhoeal property (Pagariya and Maithili, 2009. Journal of Natural remedies. 9 (1): 8-11). Take a handful of bamboo leaves (Bambusa spp.) and crush them in buttermilk. Restore the health of the animal by feeding thrice daily. The plant is reported for treatment of internal parasites, it may help to act as anti-diarrhoeal. (Lans C., 2007. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 3:3). 25215 For Helminthiasis Crush a handful of Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus) tubers in water. Prepare two to six glasses for the animal to be fed early in the morning for three to five days. The role of A. racemosus in the control of internal worms was reported (Joshi, MC, Patel, MB., Mehta, PJ, 1980. Bull Med Ethnobot Research. 1: 8-24). Grind 25–100g of dried papaya seeds and cane sugar in 250 ml water. Administer it early in the morning for 3 to 5 days. The possible role of papaya seed in control of helminthiasis were studied at the Animal Sciences Department, University of Florida. (http://extension.udel.edu/animalscienceblog/2014/06/20/papaya-for-parasites/) Administer 50-200 ml raw juice of Agathi leaf (Sesbania grandiflora) early in the morning for 5 to 7 days The plant was found to cause paralysis and death of worms confirming its anthelmintic effect (S.S. Jalalpure, K.R. Alagawadi, C.S. Mahajanshetty, M. Salahuddin, B. Shah, 2006., Article 10, Vol. 5(4), pp. 281-284)   Boil 100 g each of Neem (Azadirachta indica) barks and castor root in 1 litre of water, till it reduces to 1/3rd. About 50-350 ml of the decoction has to be administered early in the morning for three days. Neem and castor are well known for their anthelmintic properties (Chagasa A.C.S., Vieira L.S., Freitas A.R., Arau´jo M.R.A., Arau´jo-Filho J.A., Aragua˜o W.R., Navarro A.M.C. 2008. Veterinary Parasitology 151: 68–73). Rana M, Kumar H and Parashar B. 2013. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 5(6):40-42. Crush two handfuls of bitter gourd (Momordica charantia) in water and feed it to the animal thrice every month. (It should not be administered to animals in their early pregnancy, up to 3 months). The plant was confirmed for its anthelmintic properties (Shahadat H. M., Mostofa M., Mamun M. A. A., Hoque M. E. and Awal M. A.. 2008. Bangl. J. Vet. Med. 6 (2): 153–158). Feed the cattle with 50–150 ml of mustard oil early morning and once a week for a month. Mustard oil was evaluated for its anthelmintic properties (Basha et al., 2011). (Basha, S. N., Rekha, R., Sirak Saleh, Yemane, S. 2011. Journal Pharmacognosy Journal, 3:20, pp. 88-92) 25216 Oedematous condition Crush the touch me not plant (Mimosa pudica L.) into a fine paste and apply to the affected portion of the animal suffering from oedematous disease. The plant is reported for use for enabling proper delivery including postpartum difficulties such as placental expulsion (Rathore R., Rahal A., Mandil R. and Prakash A., 2014. Mimosa pudica Seeds Produce â-adrenoceptor Mediated Relaxation of Buffalo Myometrium. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 9: 355-361). Use pieces of Aloe vera in glycerine on its wounds so that it does not experience any pain when it is pregnant or is in the calving stage. The use of plant Aloe vera for enabling calving was reported (McCrory L and Detloff, P. 2003. Alternative Medicine For Ruminants, Notes from the 2001 ACRES Conference Presentation, accessed at http://www.nodpa.com/LivestockHealthArticles/Altern_Medicine_for_Ruminants_May_2003.pdf on April 30, 2014) 25217 Dermatitis Crush root barks of Millettia pinnata (L.) Panigrahi along with the oil of pongamia seeds. Apply externally. The plant is reported for its curative properties for skin lesions (Shejawal N, Menon S, Shailajan S, 2014. J App Pharm Sci,4(03):010-014). Rub the latex of Calotropis (Calotropis gigantea L.) on the animal’s wound to provide relief. The plant is reported for its anti-inflammatory properties (Adak M1, Gupta JK. 2006. Nepal Med Coll J. Sep; 8 (3): 156-61). Pour one litre of coconut oil in a jar containing one kg of Dandappala leaves (Wrightia tinctoria R. Br.). Close the lid tightly and keep it in the sun for at least a week. Soon, the oil colour will turn dark violet and the leaves become dry and pale. Later, remove the oil from the jar without crushing or squeezing the leaves. This oil can be applied for dermatitis or psoriasis conditions. The plant is used in Siddha medicine system for treatment of skin problems and studied for its anti-inflammatory properties (Rajalakshmi G.R. and Jyoti Harindran. 2012. International Journal of Pharma Sciences and Research (IJPSR). Vol 3 No 10, pp. 497- 499). 25218 Treatment for Ragi seed K. Kumar Kalyanamanthai village, Palamarathur Post, Jamunamarathur (Via), Thiruvannamalai District, Tamil Nadu This innovator has developed a herbal preparation using Gmelina arborea Roxb., Plectranthus ambonicus (Lour.) Spreng.and Aloe vera for treatment of Ragi seed. The herbal treatment ensures high germination (90%) and controls pathogenic infestation. Plectranthus amboinicus has antibacterial activities (Praveena Bhatt and Negi Pradeep S., 2012. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 3, 146-152). Gmelina arborea is a good source of insecticidal compounds (Choudhury Partha P., 2012. Agricultural Science Research Journal. Vol. 2(3), pp. 131-133). 25219 Controlling poisonous mushrooms in acid lime tree Shri. Antonisamy 53-Mela Ratha Veethi Sinthamani, Puliangudi, Tirunelveli – 627855, Tamil Nadu Scout P. Vivekanandan SEVA Antonisamy (66 years) has been awarded third prize for developing a new acid lime variety in the third National Biennial Competition for Green Grassroots Unaided Technological Innovations, Ideas & Outstanding Traditional Knowledge organized by NIF. Antonisamy has studied up to7th standard. He owns 70 acres of agricultural land and is cultivating sugarcane, acid lime, paddy, vegetables, sorghum and millets. He also owns farm animals including dairy animals and bullocks. The source of irrigation is open wells and pump sets. His annual income is about Rs.5, 00,000. During the rainy season (September to November) mushrooms about ¾ - 1 ft in diameter, grow from the collar region of the acid lime tree. These mushrooms are so harmful for the tree that it may kill it. Farmers in this area usually administer Bordeaux mixture which takes 4 to 5 days to suppress the growth of the mushrooms. Antonisamy has succeeded in finding an alternative method with locally available materials to deal with this problem. He grinds about two kg of Aloe vera (Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f.) and one kg of garlic (Allium sativum L.) with water and smears the paste on the affected collar region of the trees. This process kills the mushrooms within 3 hours. This disease mostly occurs in trees that are 10 or more years old and is common in this region (Tirunelveli and Virudhunagar districts of Tamil Nadu).  Both Aloe vera (Suga T. and Hirata T. 1983). Dept. Chem. Fac. Sci. Hiroshima Univ. Hiroshima, Japan Cosmet Toiletries 98 (6): 105-108)and Allium sativum (El-Tanbouly N. D. and Abdel-Megid R M., 1994. Dept Pharmacog Fac. Pharm. Cairo Univ. Cairo 11562. Zagazig J Pharm Sci..3 (3a): 120-124) have antifungal properties; however the practice is not known for controlling growth of poisonous mushroom.
 
Volume No. Honey Bee 25(2) 13-16, 2014

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