Forecasting of Natural Disasters

Forecasting of natural disasters is not possible but awareness of calamity (earthquake / flood / cyclones) prone areas is also crucial. Some links to information related to various zones prone to natural calamity, warning systems, are listed as under: Write to us at dmis@sristi.org

General:

Disaster Mitigation & Vulnerability Atlas of India:

A combination of local hazard intensity and vulnerability of existing house types has been used for carrying out risk analysis given in the district-wise tables. The Vulnerability Atlas, thus, provides ready macro-level information for use by the authorities for natural disaster mitigation and preventive actions. Recognizing the usefulness of the Vulnerability Atlas for formulating pro-active policies to face the threat of natural hazards, is being brought to the notice of the development planners, decision makers, professionals and householders. Go to http://www.bmtpc.org/disaster.htm

International Research Institute for Climate Prediction:

The IRI Forecasting Research Group provides a seasonal climate forecast. This forecast is a net assessment (or distillation) of information from a variety of climate prediction tools, including dynamical models of the atmosphere, statistical models of climate variability related to sea surface temperature variability, and knowledge of the current state of the climate system. Go to http://iri.columbia.edu/climate/forecast//

Interactive Weather Information Network (IWIN):

This system is located at the National Weather Service Headquarters in Silver Spring, Md. It obtains raw data from a telecommunications gateway, satellites, and other multilayered redundant links. Go to http://iwin.nws.noaa.gov/iwin/world.html

Earthquake:

World-Wide Earthquake Locator:

The World-Wide Earthquake Locator is an interface developed by Bruce Gittings of the Department of Geography at the University of Edinburgh in 1995, very much as an illustration of what is possible using the World-Wide Web and the internet. It develops the networking aspects of work we have done building an earthquake analysis system using data dynamically obtained over the internet. Select an earthquake's Description of Location to show the location of that earthquake on a map. The data displayed reflect the contents of the USGS earthquake database. Go to http://www.geo.ed.ac.uk/quakexe/quakes

World earthquake information from USGS National Earthquake Information Center:

National Earthquake Information Center - World Data Center for Seismology Earthquake information and observation station: The site hosts one of the most comprehensive systems Go to http://wwwneic.cr.usgs.gov/

Earthquake Maps and answers to your questions ABAG Earthquake Maps and Information:

Information links on modeling of houses, publications related to earthquake, maps information, disaster preparedness information. Go to http://www.abag.ca.gov/bayarea/eqmaps/eqmaps.html

Recent Earthquake Activity information center:

CPROST is located at the Harbour Centre campus of Simon Fraser University (SFU) in Vancouver, British Columbia Canada. It hosts a Emergency Preparedness Information Exchange (EPIX) providing information about recent earthquake activity in different seismic zones of the world. Go to http://hoshi.cic.sfu.ca/quake.html

Earthquake Reporting Service:

U.S. Geological Survey and UC Berkeley service for earthquake reporting. Earthquake basics and educational material; geological and historical information; links to professional and amateur organizations; online access to earthquake data. Current research activities and results in seismology, crystal structure and deformation, geology and borehole physics. for more go to http://quake.wr.usgs.gov

Surfing the Internet for Earthquake Data:

Data Global /composite earthquake information, research or special services Seismo-surfing the Internet. The following are known Internet type connections where original seismic data or seismic research information is available. See the end of the list for several other indexes to related fields. Please send e-mail to steve@geophys.washington.edu with suggested updates to this list. Go to http://www.geophys.washington.edu/seismosurfing.html

Seismicity Maps of Recent Earthquake Activity in the World:

Earthquake Activity, Earthquake Notification E-mail. Earthquake Hazards Program- Present Earthquake Activity across world. Maps of probable hazards from future earthquakes including shaking intensity, liquefaction, landslides. Links to websites and organizations for information about how to prepare for an earthquake. Go to http://earthquake.usgs.gov/activity/world.html

Predicting an Earthquake:

Although a great deal is known about where earthquakes are likely to occur, there is currently no reliable way to predict the days or months when an event will occur in any specific location.. The USGS is thus focusing its research efforts on developing long-range earthquake probability forecasts in seismically active urban areas. The only on-going USGS research in earthquake prediction is the Parkfield Prediction Experiment. Go to http://earthquake.usgs.gov/hazards/prediction.html

EQNet: Earthquake Information Network:

This website provides a common ground for all kinds of information about earthquake disasters. The site is a information store house for valuable data and information services related to earthquakes and similar disasters. The site also contains some information about earthquakes in other countries such as Peru, India, Turkey, etc. Go to http://www.eqnet.org/index.asp

UC Berkley Seismological Laboratory:

Where can I find information on earthquake preparedness and safety? These links offer a variety of useful information on how to prepare your family and your home for a damaging earthquake. An information center for emergency preparedness. Go to http://www.seismo.berkeley.edu/seismo/resource/preparedness.html

Listservs / Newsgroups/ Newsletters on earthquake warning and management:

Organizations and Web Sites for Listservs/Newsgroups/Newsletter. An alphabetical listing of a large number of newsletters and listservs.Go to http://128.205.131.100:591/FMPro?-db=eqnetdb.fp3&-lay=index&-format=categories.html&-
error=categories.html&-max=10&-sortfield=name&-sortorder=ascend&-op=cn&
resourceCat=listservs&-token=Listservs/Newsgroups/Newsletter&-find

European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC):

EMSC runs an Early Warning System for any potentially damaging earthquake in the
European-Mediterranean region (and worldwide for M > 7). It works as a network of seismic networks by merging in near real-time information sent over the Internet by about 30 contributing institutes. It generates between 70 and 100 warning messages each year within an hour of the earthquake occurrence. Go to http://www.emsc-csem.org

Flood:

Effectiveness of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Applications in Flood Management:

Quick Response Report # 130 from Natural Hazards Center titled “Effectiveness of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Applications in Flood Management during and after Hurricane Fran” by Ute J. Dymon. Go to http://www.colorado.edu/hazards/qr/qr114.html

Federal Emergency Management Authority: FAQs to prepare flood mapping:

Floods and hazards mapping using Geographic Information Systems (GIS). for better management of disasters related with floods and dam bursts. Go to http://www.fema.gov/mit/tsd/fq_main.htm

Cyclone:

Cyclone watch online: For Indian Ocean

The image provided depicts the latest JTWC forecast positions for the current Tropical Storm/Typhoon in the West Pacific. Presented are the current position (the large, red Tropical Storm/Typhoon symbol), intensity (the number within the symbol, as listed above), and forecast positions for 12, 24, 36, and 48 hours (the small, white symbols). Track forecast uncertainty (based on JTWC 5-year average forecast track errors (1990-1994)) is represented by the thin yellow line surrounding the white track forecast positions..... more Go to http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/tropic/real-time/indian/storm/storm16.html

Cyclone, Hurricane, Information center:

The word "hurricane" probably comes from the Mayan storm god Hunraken, or other Caribbean terms for evil spirit and big wind. And the terms "hurricane", "typhoon" and "tropical storm" all describe the same type of swirling wind activity. They are giant whirlwinds where air moves around a centre of low pressure - the eye of the storm - reaching high speeds in circular waves extending 20 or 30 miles from the middle. Go to
http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/newsid_202000/202344.stm

Latest Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) Forecast Positions:

The image provided depicts the latest JTWC forecast positions for the current Tropical Storm/Typhoon in the West Pacific. Presented are the current position (the large, red Tropical Storm/Typhoon symbol), intensity (the number within the symbol, as listed above), and forecast positions for 12, 24, 36, and 48 hours (the small, white symbols). Track forecast uncertainty (based on JTWC 5-year average forecast track errors (1990-1994)) is represented by the thin yellow line surrounding the white track forecast positions..... more Go to http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/tropic/real-time/indian/storm/storm16.html

University of Wisconsin, Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies:

Tropical cyclones resource center: Satellite Derived Winds and Analyses of storm related data. Go to http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/tropic/

AOML Hurricane Research Division:
FAQ : Hurricanes, Typhoons, And Tropical Cyclones

How much energy does a hurricane release?
What steps should I take when a hurricane watch/warning is posted?
What can I do to make my home/business more disaster resistant?
What kind of hurricane shutters are available ?
Go to http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/tcfaq/tcfaqHED.html

National Hurricane Center:

Tropical Hurricane awareness center. Learn about the hazards of hurricanes and what you can do to help protect yourself, your family, and your property. Go to
http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/

Early cyclone warning system in Andhra Pradesh (India) from 1977–1997 – A case study:

India has a very long coast line of 5700 km which is exposed to tropical cyclones arising in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian sea. The present paper deals with a case study of Andhra Pradesh, a state situated on east coast of India and being most vulnerable for cyclones and hurricanes. Go to http://www.gfz-potsdam.de/ewc98/abstract/sharma.html

Canadian Hurricane Center:

Provides information about the hurricanes, genesis, sequences along with precautions to be taken. Along with educational information for the kids and students interested in studying the hurricanes. The center also provides latest hurricane data in the region. Go to http://www.ns.ec.gc.ca/weather/hurricane/index_e.html

Hurricane and Tropical Storm Info, Southern Regional Climate Center, Louisiana State University:

The center provides information about tropical storms and hurricane. Latest data of tropical storm imagery, observations, satellite data, and predictions based on the trajectory taken is provided on the website. Go to http://www.srcc.lsu.edu/OEP/tropical.html

Hurricane Hunters Home Page:

The 53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron, known as the Hurricane Hunters of the Air Force Reserve, is one-of-a-kind: the only Department of Defense organization flying into tropical storms and hurricanes on a routine basis. Go to http://www.hurricanehunters.com/

Lowes Storm 2000 Hurricane Tracking Site:

The website host a Storm Warning Center, which provides latest information on storms in the region, along with information about regional weather, preparedness for disaster resulting from storms. The center also provide email updates about latest storm predictions. Go to http://www.storm2000.com

National Weather Service Disaster Survey Reports:

National Weather Service teams document the impact of major weather systems. Reports include chronology of forecasting and storm tracking along with related events in the path of the storm. Go to http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/omdis.htm

Purdue University Hurricane and Tropical Data:

This page provides access to a wealth of hurricane information including charts on the track of the storm plus a text based table of tracking information. The table includes position in latitude and longitude, maximum sustained winds in knots, and central pressure in millibars. Go to http://wxp.atms.purdue.edu/hurricane/index.html

Starstone's Eye of the Storm Tracking Software:

Features a CD ROM based hurricane tracking program for the PC. Also a free version for basic tracking and mapping, and a 3D hurricane tracking screen saver. Go to http://www.starstonesoftware.com/eots/

Drought:

Global VCI Imagery:

Satellite data on vegetation and temperature and drought information and paper on Monitoring vegetation condition from NOAA operational polar-orbiting satellites. The site also provides historical data on droughts in various parts of the world. Go to http://orbit-net.nesdis.noaa.gov/crad/sat/surf/vci/

Bureau of Meteorology Australia:

The website provides extracts and summaries from the climate archive, weather predictions up to 7 days ahead, alerts of dangerous weather up to 2 days ahead. Includes wind and storm warnings, fire weather warnings and flood warnings. Besides numerical weather prediction output from computer models (text, gridded data files, maps). A special service called "SILO: Meteorological and agricultural information for rural interests" contains a rich source of meteorological and agricultural information/products for Australia.Go to http://www.bom.gov.au/

Current Drought Status in Queensland, Australia:

This web site is produced by the Queensland Centre for Climate Applications (QCCA). QCCA is a collaborative initiative of the Department of Primary Industries and the Department of Natural Resources to enhance climate applications research and climate extension activities for our rural industries. Go to http://www.dnr.qld.gov.au/longpdk/

NCDC's SSM/I Monthly Image Products

Page allows for global analysis of land surface temperature, wetness, and snow cover. The products presented on the site include full and anomaly fields for wetness and snow cover, and anomaly fields for blended surface temperature for the period January 1992 to the latest available month. These climate products are derived from the Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSMI), a polar orbiting satellite with global coverage. Go to http://lwf.ncdc.noaa.gov/servlets/SSMIBrowser

Drought Watch on the Prairies

is a product of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. A great source for current information on drought and its impacts across Canada. The impact of climatic variability on the environment is of great importance to the agricultural sector on the Canadian Prairies. Monitoring the impacts on water supplies, soil degradation and agricultural production is essential to the preparedness of the region in dealing with possible drought conditions. Go to http://www.agr.ca/pfra/drought.htm

The Canadian Climate and Water Information:

This site provides information on the national climate and surface water (hydrometric and sediment) data archives for which Environment Canada has responsibility. The National Archives and Data Management Branch, Atmospheric Monitoring and Water Survey Directorate of the Meteorological Service of Canada maintains these Internet pages on behalf of Environment Canada's various partners and clients, and the Canadian public. Go to http://www.msc-smc.ec.gc.ca/climate/index_e.cfm

Sahel Weather and Crop Situation reports from FAO:

The "Sahel Report" is issued every month throughout the growing season, which lasts from June to October. The report describes weather conditions, pest infestations and crop prospects in this drought-prone zone. A synthesis report is published at the end of the season containing first harvest estimates, based on a series of Crop Assessment Missions which are undertaken jointly with national and regional authorities. Go to http://www.fao.org/waicent/faoinfo/economic/giews/english/esahel/sahtoc.htm

FAO's Global Information and Early Warning System on Food and Agriculture (GIEWS)for Africa:

GIEWS has been answering questions like these, providing regular bulletins on food crop production and markets at the global level and situation reports on a regional and country-by-country basis. The System aims to provide policy-makers and policy-analysts with the most up-to-date information available on all aspects of food supply and demand, warning of imminent food crises, so that timely interventions can be planned. Go to http://www.fao.org/waicent/faoinfo/economic/giews/english/giews.htm

CPC's Global Precipitation Monitoring information

The monthly and seasonal outlooks provided are based primarily on climate phenomena that exhibit a relatively large degree of predictability such as the El Niño/ Southern Oscillation (ENSO) cycle, as well as decade-to-decade variability and trends. .... more Go to http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/analysis_monitoring/ensostuff/
current_impacts/global_precip_accum.html

Weekly Global Climate Highlights from CPC:

The Weekly Global Climate Highlights (WGCH) provides a quick, but not necessarily comprehensive, look at current climate anomalies and episodic events. The product is designed to alert the user to significant situations that warrant further examination or study. Go to http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/analysis_monitoring/GLOB_CLIM/

The Greater Horn Information Exchange (GHIE):

The Greater Horn Information Exchange is dedicated to sharing regional and national data, studies, activities, and analyses for projects in the Greater Horn of Africa with the broadest possible range of GHAI stakeholders, together with providing a variety of resource materials including geographic and thematic maps, data sets, and monitoring and evaluation results which contribute to the holistic, regional perspectives needed to achieve the GHAI goals. Go to http://edcsnw3.cr.usgs.gov/ghai/ghai.html

USAID's Famine Early Warning System (FEWS):

The Goal of the Famine Early Warning System (FEWS NET) is to strengthen the abilities of African countries and regional organizations to manage threats of food security through the provision of timely and analytical early warning and vulnerability information. Go to http://www.fews.net/

Drought Monitor:

Tracking drought blends science and art. No single definition of drought works for all circumstances, so people rely on drought indices to detect and measure droughts. But no single index works under all circumstances, either. That's why we need the Drought Monitor, a synthesis of multiple indices, outlooks and news accounts, that represents a consensus of federal and academic scientists. Go to http://drought.unl.edu/monitor/monitor.html

Source: Various Internet sites as mentioned